What is a Communication Protocol? Communication protocols are defined as a formal description for digital message formats as well as the rules that govern the exchange of information. The set of protocols are essential and indispensable not only in telecommunications but also in the exchanging of messages within or between computer systems. The coverage of a communication protocol is for the most part very broad as it may be used to describe syntax, semantics, and synchronization of analog and digital communications. But the coverage doesn’t end there as communication protocols also covers things like that of authentication, signaling, correction, and error detection. It is also very crucial that anyone given the responsibility to study this critical part of telecommunications and digital messaging must know that communication protocols are intended to be utilized and implemented in software and hardware. This only means that the requirements are of a certainty in both aspects of the typical computing system. The fact is there never will be a concept of computer networking without the existence or implementation of communication protocols. In this modern age of communications, there now exist thousands of communications protocols that are currently being in use for both analog and digital communications.
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But because the terms related or connected to communication protocols are just way too technical and unfamiliar for a typical individual, it no longer is a surprise that it’s pretty difficult to grasp in an instant. The issue really as of now is how can these protocols be sufficiently explained in layman’s terms? Well, let’s begin with the fact that communications devices, in order for them to have a successful exchange of data, must agree on certain physical aspects of that data so that a successful transmission is carried out. For a specific transmission to occur, a set of rules must be implemented and without them, no transmission is possible. The rules we’re talking about that define transmissions are described or named as protocols.
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At this point, the terms get more complicated. For one, you must understand that there actually are so many different transmission properties that a protocol is designed to define. The most familiar of these properties include that of address mapping and formatting, packet size, error correction types, transmission speed, handshaking and synchronization techniques, and flow control. So you already have an idea what those properties that protocols try to define; now it’s time to learn what the most popular existing protocols are today. The most popular and commonly known protocols are that of FTP or File Transfer Protocol, TCP/IP, HTTP or Hypertext Transfer Protocol, UDP or User Datagram Protocol, SMTP or Simple Mail Transfer Protocol, POP3 or Post Office Protocol, and IMAP or Internet Message Access Protocol.

Getting Down To Basics with Communications